The history of book
People always give the highest affirmation and special care about book, no matter in the ancient society, modern society, China or foreign countries. Manual refined paper is especially suitable for Chinese calligraphy and painting, and it can be classified as the raw paper and the finished paper.
Most of human great creations have experienced a long period of development, and meanwhile they focus countless people’s effort .They develop and expand every minute. And the book is no exception. Take China for example, the history of its development is at least above three thousand and five hundred years, during which it is incomparable to the devotion of people’s wisdom and labor. It is on the progress of the book’s constant creation and improvement that it turns contemporary prosperity. In general, except some special purpose made books, the development of the books can be found more or less in history. In earliest people may use gesture or volume as the medium when they communicate with each other. From then on, with the beginning of the accumulation of experience people start to confirm some fixed syllables to represent a particular significance. So human stepped out of the era which has sound without language and enter the society which has language without character.
Using language people often remember the words they have heard firmly by means of memory, and then repeat to others; Or they spread the ideal of heart and personal experience, by means of language. This purpose and measures are similar to the function of the future books, so it can be called the oral transmission live book. After all human memory is limited and even sometimes changed, so there must be many defects for oral transmission live book. So the intelligent human proceed to invent many helpful memory methods. Among them the most well-known representative is “rope”. By the way of the size, tense-loose, amount and different painted color to show different meaning, which we can call “rope book”.
Rope book can be passed to the distant place and also can be preserved for a long-term, which has its own advantages compared with language. But eventually its pattern change is limited to meet the rapid progress of the need of human society, so human go on trying to improve. By means of imitating nature they describe the outside world image to simplify to form a simple image, and then use it as imagery symbols. This kind of pictures has had the prototype of the text, and ordinary people called the text paintings. Later it gradually becomes a regular hieroglyph after it has been improved and evolved again. And after a long period of development countless fonts come out finally, which are applied to people. The emergence of the character not only develops a new realm for the human civilization but also lay a solid foundation for the book.
The recorded language of China is developed before the chronicle. Most of oracle bone inscriptions of Shang dynasty are some questioned sentences, and the chronicle can’t be often saw. Nevertheless it is still priority to see the recorded language in Jin characters of Two Zhou dynasty. Not until the Zhan states period can the chronicle has a widely progress. It can be called “ci” that the ancient words about all in one, the words and the word write down. We called "buci " is “ci”. Most of “shangshu” is also “ci” actually. We believe the “ci” is the "YaYan" at the times (1), and that is to say the mandarin or common language. But after passed to later generations this kind of mandarin or common language comes into the difficult old languages.